It is undeniable that currently technological advances have touched all aspects of human life. Included in the world of health. Many discoveries have been made by experts to help overcome health problems experienced by humans. Because now there are many people who have faced various complex health problems. One of the most common diseases is cancer.
About Cancer is a disease caused by abnormal growth of tissue cells that turn into cancer cells. In the development of these cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body so that it can cause death Cancer is one of the deadly diseases that can be experienced by anyone. Even cancer not only consists of one disease, but there are more than 200 different types of cancer. And various types of cancer, of course, there are symptoms and methods of healing that vary in handling.
The World Health Organization (WHO) released 10 lists of diseases that most often cause sufferers to lose their lives, and one of them is respiratory cancer which includes cancer of the trachea, larynx, bronchi and lungs. The main cause is smoking, smoking excessive smoke and environmental toxins. Even in 2015 it was noted that there were 4 million deaths each year caused by respiratory cancer.
In 1983, cancer was the leading cause of death in South Korea. About 190,000 people were diagnosed with cancer and 72,000 of them died. Even this number has increased in the last two decades. Lung cancer is one of the types of cancer that most often lurk in Korean society. Because in 2010 as many as 14.2% of men and 6.1% of women in Korea had lung cancer.
This shows that the government and Korean health institutions must immediately act to address this problem. One of the concrete actions that is useful to combat cancer is by doing photodynamic therapy. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a beauty procedure and non-invasive surgical treatment for a variety of health problems including certain types of cancer, such as gastrointestinal cancer, lung cancer, and pre-skin cancer lesions. PDT includes two components: drugs commonly referred to as photosensitization and light agents.
PDT technology was developed by KERI (Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute). PDT is also called blue light or photocemotrapi, Photodynamic Therapy uses various types of rays such as lasers, blue rays and LEDs to activate the components inside the drug to destroy damaged tissues and abnormal cells.
Photodynamic methods using photosensitive and laser, effectively kill cancer cells, and are a treatment therapy without injury. Some photodynamic therapies that you need to know, the first step is to inject photosensitive into the patient’s body, the photosensitive used is photofrin. Furthermore, after the injection must wait 40 to 50 hours, and the last is to use a laser to illuminate the cancer area and kill cancer cells.
The advantage of doing this therapy is the presence of minimally invasive ie not surgery, no injury, and pain that feels light. In addition, fast results will be obtained soon. With only 48-72 hours, you can see the results. This therapy can also prevent the cancer from recurring because the laser beam can eradicate cells or cancerous lesions that are small or potentially relapse. Patients who do this therapy are usually rare for complications. Besides toxicity (the level of damage to a substance if exposed to organisms) is low, it is mainly used for advanced cancer or patients who are elderly with physical weakness.
The application of photodynamic therapic in patients with lung cancer has reaped a lot of success. If patients with early stage respiratory cancer have achieved recovery by up to 90%. Whereas in patients with advanced respiratory tract cancer and who experience blockages, the success rate of improvement reaches 85%. This method is also effective in treating other cancers such as colon cancer, bile duct cancer, which is especially suitable for the treatment of hilar bile duct cancer. Besides pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, brain cancer, skin tumors of the chest and abdominal membranes and reproductive urinary tract cancer can also be overcome with this therapy.