Mentoplasty or genioplasty is a term used to describe surgery performed to modify the shape of the chin. This term is commonly used for all types of chin plastic surgery, both reconstruction surgery to fix the shape caused by disability (congenital abnormalities, accidents or tumor removal) or aesthetic surgery.
There are several forms of chin that tends to be considered less harmonic, including chin that is protruding forward, exceeding the upper limit of the upper jaw, which makes the lower jaw looks large. Conversely, the location of the chin jutting back gives the appearance of the lower jaw appearing small. As a result, the shape of the jaw can determine the shape of a person’s face, making it look round, oval, triangular or even rectangular.
Who are the right candidates for Mentoplasty?
Someone with the chin protruding forward, giving the appearance of the lower jaw look large
People who want to make their face look smaller
Operation Duration: estimated 60 Minutes
Type of Anesthesia: General Anesthesia
Initial consultation with the doctor, convey the result you want as clear as possible
The doctor analyzes the shape of the patient’s face and the size and width of the patient’s nose
The doctor explains the risks that may occur after surgery and the type of anesthesia used
Patient will be required to tell the doctor his/her medical history and whether or not the patient has had any surgeries in the past.
Mentoplasty Augmentation: This action seeks to form a higher chin. It is done by inserting material that comes from patient’s own body parts (such as cartilage from ribs), or using implants that are commonly used or by cutting part or one segment of the jaw bone and adjusting its position (forward shift).
Position the Chin and Lower Jaw: The chin and lower jaw that are leaning more forward require corrective action by adjusting the position (sliding them backwards). Cutting the jaw segment is done according to the needs and is usually done in the first tooth area, behind the canines and on both sides. That way the teeth will be lifted naturally. Cut bone segments will be tied using a fixation implant (for example a wire or screw plate).
Actions on the Lower Jaw (Anguloplasty): Shape and angle of the jaw reflects the appearance of the lower jaw and the lower third of the face.
Sharp jaw angle caused by bone growth and chewing muscle mass which ultimately makes a person’s face to appear square is one of the most reasons people perform plastic surgery. This situation requires corrective action by reducing the jawbone and muscle mass.
Incisions in chin aesthetic surgery are done in several ways. In mentoplasty there are two types of incision;
Through the inner side of the lower lip, which is located at the border of the gums and mucous membranes on the sides of the lips.
Performed at the bottom of the chin.
Risks that May Occur Post-Operation:
Bluish appearance like bruising (disappearing slowly within 2 to 3 weeks)
Nerve damage that results in numbness in the chin area
Use warm compresses several times a day for 10-15 minutes each
Do a light massage to speed up the recovery of swelling
Apply antibiotic ointment 2-3 times a day
Do not expose area of trauma to water
Maintain oral hygiene (brush your teeth regularly, rinse your mouth using an antiseptic)
Eat only soft liquid food for a minimum of three weeks